- Voter turnout comparison in different geographical, political and economical country classifications
- Determinants and demographics of turnout analysis
- Democracy index analysis
Historical Voter Turnout Data
Voting is important for democracy.
Historical voter turnout data product provides the statistics on voter turnout around the world. It contains the global collection of voter turnout statistics from presidential and parliamentary elections since 1945.
In a representative democracy voting is the method by which the electorate appoints its representatives to government. In a direct democracy, voting is the method by which the electorate directly make decisions, turn bills into laws, etc.
After increasing for many decades, there has been a trend of decreasing voter turnout in most established democracies since the 1980s. In general, low turnout is attributed to disillusionment, indifference, or a sense of futility (the perception that one's vote won't make any difference). In this database, different country attributes have been provided to help analyze the lower or higher voting turnouts' and its reasons.
- Voting Age Population
- Total Vote
- VAP Turnout Percent
- Voter Turnout Percent
- Invalid Votes Percent
Check out the Data and Dictionary section to learn about the indicators and country attributes which provide geographical, political and economical classifications of each country.
IDEA is the main source for the turnout dataset. Also, OECD, United Nations and World Bank were used to aggregate country attributes and classifications.
Related Data Products
- Historical data goes back to 1945
- 200 countries' presidential, parliamentary and EU elections
- Geographical, political and economical country attributes
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20 Data Columns
Country Name - Short (co_country_name_short)
Country short names
Country Alpha 3 Codes (co_alpha_3_code)
ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes are three-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
Developed/Developing Country Classification (co_agg_developed_developing_countries)
For analytical purposes, WESP classifies all countries of the world into one of three broad categories: developed economies, economies in transition and developing economies.
OECD Country Flag (co_agg_oecd_flag)
True if the country is a member of OECD, otherwise False
European Union Member Flag (co_agg_eu_flag)
True if the country is a member of the European Union, otherwise False
Geographic Region Name (co_agg_region_name)
Geographic regions presents the composition of geographical regions used by the United Nations' Statistics Division in its publications and databases. Each country or area is shown in one region only. These geographic regions are based on continental regions.
G20 Country Flag (co_agg_g20_flag)
True if the country belongs to G20 (Group of Twenty) which is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 19 countries and the European Union (EU)
Heavily Indebted Poor Country Flag (co_agg_heavily_indebted_poor_countries)
True if the country are considered by the World Bank and IMF as part of their debt-relief initiative (the Enhanced HIPC Initiative)
Income Group (co_agg_income_group_wb)
Income group classification of the country mentioned in World Bank
Least Developed County Flag (co_agg_least_developed_countries_ldc)
United Nations determine the least developed countries (LDCs) which are low-income countries confronting severe structural impediments to sustainable development. They are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks and have low levels of human assets.
Election Type (election_type)
Type of election. Presidential or paliamentary
Population is defined as all nationals present in, or temporarily absent from a country
Total Vote (total_vote)
The total number of votes cast in the relevant election. Total vote includes valid and invalid votes, as well as blank votes in cases where these are separated from invalid votes.
Voting Age (voting_age_population)
The voting age population (VAP) includes all citizens above the legal voting age
Registred Votes (registration)
The number of registered voters
Compulsory Voting (compulsory_voting)
Some countries, where voting is considered a duty, voting at elections has been made compulsory and has been regulated in the national constitutions and electoral laws.
Voting Age Population Percent (vap_turnout_percent)
The total number of votes cast (valid or invalid) divided by the Voting Age Population figure, expressed as a percentage.
Invalid Votes Percent (invalid_votes_percent)
Percentage of Invalid Votes
Voter Turnout Percent (voter_turnout_percent)
The total number of votes cast (valid or invalid) divided by the number of names on the voters' register, expressed as a percentage